Obesity in children defines obesity as the possession of excess fat in the body, which affects the child’s physical, social and psychological health, it may cause loneliness, lack of self-confidence, depression, and obesity increases the risk of chronic diseases and health problems such as asthma, bone problems The joints, etc., may increase the risk of heart disease, metabolic syndrome (in English: Metabolic syndrome), type II diabetes, and many cancers at puberty, and it should be noted that the problem of obesity in children who suffer from it often persists Ageing, and there are many factors that cause obesity in children, such as genetic predisposition, dietary habits, physical activity, and short sleep periods, and the genetic factor is one of the most difficult factors to change, unlike environmental changes.
Methods of treatment of obesity in children the treatment of obesity depends on the child’s age and health status, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics, children over two years of age and obese teenagers are advised to follow a weight-preservation program, which will contribute to increasing the child’s height, Weight fastness, Low body mass index (in English: Body mass index) to normal rates, and the methods used to treat obesity:
Integrated health food:
Eating healthy food in quantities and appropriate types of methods used to maintain body weight or Reduce it, it can be said that the responsibility of buying food and cooking rests with the parents, and any minor changes in food may cause a big difference in the health of the child, so it is advisable to reduce dependence on fast and ready meals, and foods that contain large amounts of sugar and fats Calories, local beverages are high in calories and have low nutritional value, including fruit juices that may increase the feeling of satiety in the child, reduce his desire to eat other healthy foods, and prefer not to eat food in front of the TV or computer, including This reduces the feeling of food intake and the speed with which it is consumed, and children with obesity aged 6-11 years are advised to lose their weight gradually by modifying their dietary habits so that they lose 0.5 kilograms per month, but the food of the larger children must be adjusted And teenagers who are obese so that they lose one kilogram a week.
Which is of great importance for reaching and maintaining the healthy weight of children, and the child must exercise physical activity at least one hour a day, and physical activity does not necessarily mean exercise, it may be a free activity like a rope jump, And hide and seek, climb, walk, and ride a bike, as these activities may help burn calories, strengthen bones and muscles, stimulate the sleep of children at night and stay awake in the daytime, usually the active children become more fit than others when they grow up, because The habit of physical activity contributes to the maintenance of normal healthy weight at puberty despite hormonal changes, rapid growth and increased intake, so it is advisable to reduce the time spent by children in front of TV, computer or smartphones and other devices , It is preferable to prevent children under the age of 18 months from using these devices strictly or using them for the purpose of exceeding video calls, but for larger children who have not entered the school (in English: preschoolers) They can be allowed to use it for 1 hour per day.
It has been a matter of weight loss medication for some teenagers, but the problem is the lack of knowledge of the risk of these drugs, and their long-term impact, and the efficacy of these drugs in weight loss is still unknown.
Surgery is usually done in cases of obese teenagers who have not succeeded in changing lifestyles for weight loss, although surgery has many risks and complications in the future and may affect the child’s development, but doctors may resort In difficult cases where weight poses a greater risk to the health of the child from complications of surgery, preferably a specialist medical team for children including a pediatric endocrinologist, nutritionist, and psychiatrist, even surgery may not guarantee weight loss and retention in adolescence And beyond, it is worth mentioning that healthy foods and a commitment to physical activity are indispensable, even after undergoing surgery.
Prevention of obesity in children
A range of methods can be used to avoid excessive weight gain in children, and from tips to prevent weight gain, we mention the following:
From birth to age: care for breastfeeding, since it may prevent a child from being overweight and has other health benefits
Between 1-5 years: caring for healthy habits from an early age, by encouraging the child to eat all kinds of healthy foods, and encouraging him to move.
Between the ages of 6-12 years: encourage children to take care of physical activity daily through exercise, or perform daily activities that stimulate movement, such as walking and playing out, and follow up their dietary choices.
Between the ages of 13-18 years: teach them how to prepare healthy meals at home and encourage them to be physically active daily.
Risks of obesity
The suffering of children from obesity and overweight may increase the risk of their being infected with many health problems, including:
Obesity risks that children suffering from obesity and overweight may increase their risk of having many health problems, including:
-Diseases of the liver and gallbladder.
-Bone and joint problems.
– Shortness of breath that hinder children’s ability to perform activity
– Problems breathing during the night, sleep disturbances like.
– Early maturity; children with obesity are usually cooked early, are taller, and are more sexually mature than their peers.
– Irregular menstrual cycle and fertility problems of girls at puberty.
– Increase the factors leading to cardiovascular disease, such as hypertension, cholesterol, and diabetes, which increases the risk of heart failure and disease, and cerebral strokes at puberty.
– Mental issues, for example, sorrow and dietary problems.
– Exposure to humiliation by colleagues, and lack of self-confidence.